We can build up a philosophy by starting by creating our own universe and setting rules evaluating what will happen. We will start with living cells in a primeval broth. These cells in order to survive need nutrients. They can get nutrients from the broth but if they eat another cell they get more nutrients more quickly. The more nutrients they get the more powerful they are and the more able to devour other cells. However, the other cell can eat them as well. If they cooperate with other cells and form a group or organism with those cells that organism will have a greater ability to eat other cells than an individual cell would have, or for that matter than the same number of cells if they did not organize themselves into an organism. What will happen in such a universe? Cells will organize, organisms will form and they will fight each other in an attempt to eat each other. Lets say organisms have the ability to heal from the damage caused by fights if the damage is not too severe. The organisms that triumph in a fight are likely to be damaged in the fight and so lose some ability to eat others for the short term. During that time they might be vulnerable to organisms that previously were weaker than they were. We'll now give the organisms the ability to cooperate with each other and form groups with each other. These groups can devour other groups or can cooperate with other groups. The more groups that cooperate with each other the more that cooperative is able to eat other groups. Now we'll give organisms the ability to force other organisms to work for them. The more organisms they have working for them the more powerful they are and the more able they are to swallow up other organisms. We can call these the evil organisms. Good organisms would be ones that care for each other and try to help each other. Love, kindness and goodness all stem from trying to promote the welfare of others whereas evil stems from trying to exploit others in order to advance oneself. We can even shed light on the meaning of life from this simple model. It seems the meaning of life would be to promote the welfare of as many organisms as possible. That may involve killing the evil organisms that hurt the welfare of others. Promoting one's own welfare in a way that also promotes the welfare of others could also be part of the meaning of life in this system. If an organism teams up with other organisms so they can survive and grow the organisms benefits and they do as well. In our society one could think of the analogy of a business that makes a product that benefits those who buy it and who benefits from the money they spend to buy it. It's interesting that businesses to often face the situation where they can cooperate with other businesses or swallow them or simply compete with them for market share which is analogous to competing for nutrients.
In the above model the organisms that survive, will be the ones that grow the fastest and that have a motivation to grow.
If there is a shortage of nutrients then the only way for organisms to survive may be to kill other organisms. The tiger salamander is a classic example of this. When nutrients are scarce it morphs into a monstrified salamander that eats other salamanders. It's important to prevent a situation like this in human society if we can.
We can introduce reproduction into the picture. We can have female and male organisms where the female is more geared to creating the child and the male for protecting it and providing for it. Female organisms better at attracting more powerful male organisms and that are motivated to do so are more likely to produce offspring that survive. The male organisms need to be motivated to support the offspring so males that are cooperative are more likely to be attractive to females. Male organisms are likely to be attracted to females that appear as if they would be able to reproduce well.
Lets say these organisms can have beliefs and systems of beliefs and these beliefs can affect whether they cooperate with other organisms or attack them. These belief systems can either motivate their believers to devour non-believers or to cooperate with them. These belief systems might evolve to foster cooperation among believers so that they are a stronger group. The ones that are most likely to survive are the ones that spread the fastest among people. We can call these belief systems religions and political ideologies. A belief system that encourages reproduction is more likely to survive than one that doesn't. It is interesting that many religions do encourage this.
The most important aspect of the above model is that every organism has the choice of cooperation versus aggression toward other organisms and that the organisms that survive will have at a minimum a fundamental desire to grow.
Lets consider our world. Countries have a desire to grow in influence either by swallowing up other countries (war) or by cooperating with them (forming alliances, trading with them and so on.) Religions and political ideologies often teach the believer that to spread the belief or that those who do not believe are evil and should be destroyed.
Women find strong successful self confident males that are nice more attractive than weak insecure nasty males. Males find women that appear healthy and with more female traits more attractive than women who don't.
The above model doesn't involve intervention from God at all, although one could argue that the question of how the original cells were created is a big mystery. Although there are rewards in being good because those who are helped may help back that's it. In this model it's up to the organism to grow and not depend on a reward from God. Children are taught that if they are good they will be rewarded. To some extent that is true but it's also up to them to do what is necessary to advance themselves and not depend on God to do it for them.
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