Wolfgang Pauli was considered a brilliant authority of Physics. If he said your idea was no good you could be sure that although you might not comprehend why it wasn't, it wasn't. You could be sure that your mind just didn't grasp the obvious reasons, at least to him, of why you were a fool and wrong.
Ralph Kronig a 21 year old who had recently earned his PhD in Physics at Columbia arrived in Tubingen to spend 10 months at the Bohr Institute. He was excited to hear that The great Wolfgang Pauli was going to visit the Institute the next day. Pauli had found that 4 numbers were required to specify the exact state of an electron in an atom. Three of those numbers had to do with the motion of the electron in 3 dimensions but no one knew what the fourth number was for. Kronig suggested that the electron might spin on its axis and that might be the motion described by the 4th number. Kronig suggested his idea to Pauli who told him that "Nature was not like that". Another physicist, Lande, told Kronig that if Pauli says so then it is not like that. Kronig abandoned the idea. Later two other scientists Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck proposed the idea and were awarded the Nobel Prize for it.
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