4.19 The New Climate Bogey Man, Nitrous Oxide

Not content to alarm the populace with predictions of climate doom because of carbon dioxide emissions the climate alarmists have found a new gas to scare us with, Nitrous Oxide.  Nitrous Oxide according to the alarmists has 300X the warming effect of carbon dioxide and emissions are increasing.  They base this on a report of the notoriously biased and dishonest IPCC.  Emissions may be increasing but the calculation of emissions was based on climate models and climate models have a long history of being wrong.  The majority of nitrous oxide emissions according to the American Environmental Protection Agency come from agricultural use of fertilizers.  According to the EPA nitrous oxide can result from various agricultural soil management activities, such as application of synthetic and organic fertilizers and other cropping practices, the management of manure, or burning of agricultural residues.  The majority of emissions from agriculture that the EPA is talking about is 55%.  45% of nitrous oxide emissions come from bacteria that break down nitrogen compounds in soil and water. So about half comes from human activity and half doesn't.  What would happen if humans ceased all farming activity (besides everyone starving).  Then the land would go back to forests assuming that people didn't build cities over all of it.  The bacteria in the forests would product nitrous oxide.  Forests cover about 31% of the earth's landmass.  Agricultural land covers about 37.6%.  Agricultural runoff and sewage input contribute to the production of nitrous oxide in hte ocean.

 

 

Nitrogen that is fixed in the ocean by bacteria eventually falls to the bottom and is compressed into sedimentary rock. 

Nitrogen is necessary for all living things.  It is in the amino acid backbone of proteins and in the side chains of amino acids and nucleic acids.  The chlorophyll molecule in plants need nitrogen which enables the plant to store light energy in sugars which it makes from carbon dioxide and water. 

In 1918, German chemists Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch created a process to produce ammonia fertilizer that was cheap and effective.Adding more nitrogen to the soil helps plants grow larger — feeding more people and earning more profits for farmers. The population of the world is rapidly growing with each passing day, and in the old days when chemical fertilizers were not available, there was a significant concern that there wouldn't be enough food for everyone.  With this concern, arose the chances of fruits and vegetables getting expensive due to being scarcely available. But with the advancement of modern science, synthetic fertilizers were created and proved to be the saving grace for everyone around the world. Growing plants took a copious amount of time to develop with organic fertilizers, and even though organic fertilizers do have their benefits, the rate of production was too slow. It is where synthetic fertilizers stepped in and helped in increasing production with high speed. The number of plants was better than ever, and there was and still is an ample amount of food in most parts of the world. Agriculture greatly benefitted from synthetic fertilizers as it decreased the workload from the farmers helping them to work on more plants which directly results in more production. Not only have synthetic fertilizers helped in improving the pace of agriculture, but they also make sure that the plants are free from pests and don't have to be guarded by the farmers all day long. Synthetic fertilizers use petroleum industry’s by-products for production. Those biproducts would be produced whether fertilizer was made from them or not.  Ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, and superphosphate are often the critical ingredient involved in the making of synthetic fertilizers.

In order to reduce carbon dioxide the climate alarmists pressured Sri Lanka, Ghana to cut down on synthetic fertilizer use with the inevitable consequence that they produce a lot less food.  See the previous lesson for the disastrous consequences of this policy. 

People are thought to have  used fertilizer for at least 10,000 years.  Animals have been producing manure ever since there were animals even if it wasn't always used for fertilizer it was always part of the nitrogen cycle and always resulted in the production of nitrous oxide.  Much of the nitrogen oxide was removed from the atmosphere by nitrogen fixing bacteria.  The planet didn't fry and life didn't end.  However preventing the use of fertilizers is causing starvation and lives to end.

 

Minnesotans for Global Warming made a song about carbon dioxide.  To hear it

Click Here

 


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